Shown here are
work positions and functions
in a test kitchen at Hemmets Forskningsinstitut
(the Research Institute for the Home), established
Cramped living conditions
A living room
before the arrival of
television. The family has gathered
to listen to the radio and read the
Post-war society is marked by a lack of material. Most people live
in crowded conditions, with only one room and a kitchen. But, using
imagination and will new solutions were found. Practical furniture
was designed for ordinary people, using blueprints of standardized
models. Patterns were provided by Svenska Slöjdföreningen.
Further, Kooperationen KF (the Association of Cooperatives) was
actively involved, manufacturing lightweight furniture, which was
sent home directly to the customer. Bunk beds, drop-leaf tables
and Windsor-style chairs were practical furnishings for a small
There was during
the 1940s an intense interest in designing practical apartments,
with useful and child-friendly furniture. Courses were arranged,
as well as exhibitions promoting good living. Non-profit organizations,
such as Svenska Slöjdföreningen in cooperation with the
national government, the Swedish Trade Union Conference and the
Federation of Swedish Industries, assured that a level of quality
was achieved. The interior designer Lena Larsson was at the forefront
of the work to improve apartment standards.
In the United
States Charles & Ray Eames
design a softly molded wooden chair.
(the bat shaped easy chair), modeled from an English foldable chair
was named “Butterfly” in the U.S.